Why Is It Called The Paris Agreement
Beyond the strict energy restrictions imposed by the Paris Agreement, it contains another program to redistribute U.S. wealth through the Green Climate Fund – a nice name – which calls on industrialized countries to send $100 billion to developing countries in addition to massive and existing foreign aid to the United States. So we`re going to pay billions, billions and billions of dollars, and we`re one step ahead of everyone. Many other countries have not spent anything and many of them will never pay a penny. «membership,» the place where a country becomes a party to an international agreement already negotiated and signed by other countries. It has the same legal effect as ratification, acceptance and approval. Membership usually takes place after the agreement comes into force, but it can also take place in advance depending on the terms of the agreement. There are also serious legal and constitutional issues. Foreign leaders in Europe, Asia and around the world should have no more to say about the U.S. economy than our own citizens and their elected representatives. That is why our withdrawal from the agreement is a reaffirmation of American sovereignty. (Applause) Our constitution is unique among all the nations of the world, and it is my supreme commitment and the greatest honor to protect them. And I will.
In accordance with the Vienna Convention on Treaty Law, «ratification» defines the international act under which a country consents to membership in an international agreement. Ratification is proven by the filing of a ratification instrument with the custodian. This gives the contracting parties the time necessary to obtain approval of the agreement on the national territory and to adopt all the national legislation necessary to give effect to this agreement. Representatives of the Presidency of the Council and the European Commission have tabled the official ratification documents with the SECRETARy-general of the United Nations, who is the custodian of the agreement. Indeed, research shows that the cost of climate activity far outweighs the cost of reducing carbon pollution. A recent study suggests that if the United States does not meet its climate targets in Paris, it could cost the economy up to $6 trillion in the coming decades. A lack of compliance with the NPNs currently foreseen in the agreement could reduce global GDP by more than 25% by the end of the century. Meanwhile, another study estimates that achieving – or even exceeding – the Paris targets by investing in infrastructure in clean energy and energy efficiency could have great benefits globally – about $19 trillion. While the agreement has been welcomed by many, including French President Francois Hollande and UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, criticism has also emerged. James Hansen, a former NASA scientist and climate change expert, expressed anger that most of the agreement is made up of «promises» or goals, not firm commitments.  He called the Paris talks a fraud with «nothing, only promises» and believed that only a generalized tax on CO2 emissions, which is not part of the Paris agreement, would force CO2 emissions down fast enough to avoid the worst effects of global warming. Under the Paris Agreement, each country must define, plan and report regularly on its contribution to warming mitigation.  There is no mechanism for a country to set an emission target for a specified date, but any target should go beyond the previous targets. The United States formally withdrew from the agreement the day after the 2020 presidential election, although President-elect Joe Biden said America would return to the agreement after his inauguration.  The NRDC is saddened to make the Global Climate Action Summit a success based on more ambitious commitments to the historic 2015 agreement and enhanced initiatives to reduce pollution.