Agreements Between Heads Of States
In some states, the function of head of state is not expressed in a specific title that reflects that role, but is assigned to a position of a constitutionally formal nature. This is how Colonel Muammar entrusted Gaddafi, who, in March 1979, after ten years as head of state and joint head of government of the Libyan Jamahiriya («State of the Masses»),» which, as President of the Revolutionary Command Council, retained absolute power (called the «guide of the revolution» until its fall in 2011), formally gave both qualities to the secretaries general of the General People`s Congress (comparable to a president) or prime minister. Although not constitutionally provided, presidents sometimes develop «executive agreements» in foreign relations. These agreements often take into account the administrative decisions of the executive; for example, to what extent each country is an armed presence on a given territory, as each country will apply copyright contracts or how each country treats the foreign post. However, the 20th century saw a huge expansion in the use of executive agreements, and critics questioned the extent of this use, as they ousted the treaty process and removed the executive`s controls and balances in foreign relations. Supporters are attacking the need for swift, secret and/or concerted action. The modern presidential campaign begins before the primaries in which the two major political parties dep off the candidates` ground before their national nomination assemblies, where the most successful candidate is nominated as the party`s presidential candidate. Typically, the party`s presidential candidate elects a vice-presidential candidate, and this election is stamped by the Convention. The nominees participate in televised debates across the country and, while debates are generally limited to Democratic and Republican candidates, third-party candidates may be invited, such as Ross Perot in the 1992 debates. The nominees advertise across the country to explain their views, convince voters and solicit contributions. Much of the modern electoral process focuses on the benefits of swing states through frequent visits and mass advertisements.
A commander-in-chief is the person who exercises the supreme command of a nation`s armed forces or an important element of those armed forces. In practical terms, it refers to military competences within the executive of a nation state, the head of state and/or the head of the state government. Often, the commander-in-chief of a country does not need an officer or even a veteran, and this law carries out civilian control of the military in states where it is required by the Constitution. Civilian control of the military is a doctrine of military and political science that places the ultimate responsibility for a country`s strategic decision-making in the hands of civilian political leaders and not in the hands of professional military officers. «Community responsibility» refers to the performance of obligations under the above international conventions and/or the management of applicable Commonwealth legislation. These powers may be exercised in cooperation and/or consultation with other parties to this agreement. In a constitutional monarchy or a non-executive presidency, the head of state may exercise the last de jure authority over the armed forces, but will normally exercise his authority only on the advice of their competent ministers, in accordance with a written law or an unwritten convention: which means that de facto definitive reflection on military manoeuvres will be taken elsewhere.